By connecting leading stakeholders from various backgrounds and generations, as well as underrepresented players around conflict related themes, the Carnegie PeaceBuilding Conversations aim to generate unexpected insights and routes for progress in promoting world peace. The Carnegie PeaceBuilding Conversations take place at the international icon of peace and justice: the Peace Palace in The Netherlands.
Day 1 - Monday 24 September 2018
Having fulfilled the American Dream and being the richest man in the world, Andrew Carnegie decided to give back his wealth to society and invest in education, libraries and especially: Peace. Carnegie’s legacy will be the starting point of the Carnegie PeaceBuilding Conversations, highlighting how his investments still make an impact in the world through the various Carnegie institutions.
The Peace Palace: SDG 16 House
The Carnegie Foundation signed the SDG Charter of The Netherlands in September 2017, therewith committing to the promotion of progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The promotion of peace is a central issue in these goals that were established by the United Nations. Sustainable Development Goal 16 focuses on Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. The Peace Palace is the international symbol of peace and justice. The Carnegie Foundation that owns and manages the Peace Palace, has the aim to use this iconic value as convening power to bring together actors from different backgrounds for dialogues on contemporary issues in peacebuilding, to foster understanding and cooperation, leading to a more peaceful world. Therefore, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands will appoint the Peace Palace as official ‘SDG 16 House’, the first of its kind in the world. The launch of the SDG 16 House will be performed by SDG Coordinator Hugo von Meijenfeldt of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Chairman Bernard Bot of the Carnegie Foundation.
A Children's Vision on Peacebuilding
Children are often refreshingly honest and clear in how they think and what they say. Therefore, they can provide a fresh insight on issues of decision-making. How do children think we can invest in peace? Her Royal Highness Princess Laurentien of The Netherlands has founded the Missing Chapter Foundation that has the aim to promote the inclusion of children in decision-making processes. She will have a dialogue with a group of children from the International School Laren, asking them to reflect on ways of improving contemporary peacebuilding processes. Doing so, they provide the attendants of the Carnegie PeaceBuilding Conversations with fresh insights they can use during the upcoming conference. According to the Missing Chapter Foundation, children have the right to be included in these kind of processes. After all, it is their future that is at stake.
Why are we here: The legacy of Andrew Carnegie in 2018
According to Carnegie Corporation of New York President Vartan Gregorian, "The legacy of Andrew Carnegie celebrates the power of the individual, enabled and empowered to live freely and to think independently, as well as the power of an educated citizenry and a strong democracy. In this way, democracy, education, knowledge, freedom, and international peace are necessary ingredients to a healthy society." How can we use his legacy for the challenges of today? What needs to be done now to strengthen the case for democracy and peace, as well as the values and institutions that uphold those ideals? History Professor and Carnegie specialist David Nasaw of the City University of New York presents his vision based on historic context and more recent developments. Thereafter, a panel consisting of high-level representatives of the Carnegie institutions will discuss how contemporary issues can be addressed by the institutions and will engage in discussion with the audience.
Carnegie Institutions Worldwide: Forging the Future
After Professor David Nasaw has explained what the legacy of Andrew Carnegie is and how the Carnegie institutions apply this in 2018, we look towards the future. In 2019 it is a century ago that Andrew Carnegie died. How are the Carnegie institutions going to contribute to international peace in the next 100 years? The dynamics of international conflict and peace have changed a lot since the days of Carnegie.
A reflective panel consisting of two academics and a peacebuilding practitioner explain how these dynamics have changed and what new challenges have come forward. A panel of high-level representatives of Carnegie institutions explain how their institutions react to these changing dynamics. Senior Fellow Thomas de Waal of Carnegie Europe sets the stage for discussion by shortly presenting what dynamics have changed and how this impacts the work of the Carnegie institutions. Thereafter, President Joel Rosenthal of the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs, will present his vision on how the Carnegie institutions should work in the next century. Based on their short keynotes, a moderated dialogue will take place with both the panellists and the audience.
Day 2 - Tuesday 25 September 2018
By connecting leading stakeholders from various backgrounds and generations, as well as underrepresented players around conflict related themes, the Carnegie PeaceBuilding Conversations aim to generate unexpected insights and routes for progress in promoting world peace. Views will be generated through dialogue involving different angles during different parallel sessions.
Making Peace Profitable
Violence has cost the world $14.76 trillion in 2017 alone, according to the Institute for Economics & Peace. That is $1988 per person, a figure that has been growing for years. Violent conflict has an enormous financial impact on the world, apart from the human suffering it causes. Therefore, promoting a more peaceful world is profitable and worth investing in. Financial growth is often associated with a lower probability of conflict, while peaceful societies allow stronger financial growth. How can peace be made profitable? And what is a sustainable way of investing in a more peaceful world? The United Nations and the World Bank jointly developed the report ‘Pathways for Peace’ that was launched earlier this year and is the start of a new vision on the association between financing and peace. One conclusion: A scaled-up system for preventive action would save between $5 billion and $70 billion per year.
What are alternative and innovative methods for funding projects and processes that contribute to a more peaceful world? Many states have reduced the use of public budgets for developmental aid and peace processes and are often instead focussing on investments in militarization and security. This causes an increasing reliability on the private sector. Why should philanthropists or the corporate sector invest in peace and how should it do that? What are the opportunities and challenges for innovative mechanisms for funding peace? This session is a working group in which a dialogue is fostered between philanthropists, decision-makers, representatives of the corporate sector, bilateral donors and diplomats.
Key participants in the dialogues:
Prevention of Conflicts arising from Natural Resources Distribution
Scarcity and unequal distribution of natural resources underscore regional and global conflict. The dialogue in this session will focus on how the distribution of natural resources, including energy and clean water, can prevent or generate conflict and what policies might be implemented to avoid such conflict. It is an area in which scientific innovations can have a large impact. Together, discovery science and engineering can mitigate some of the competition for resources. Ecologists who study the hydrological and atmospheric cycles that underpin our planet’s ecology can both point toward key new sustainable technologies and at the same time inform the decision-makers about the risks their communities face in a changing climate. And innovation by engineers and materials scientists can make it cheaper and more efficient to sustainably harvest these natural resources.
Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Warfare
This session will focus on the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on peace, war, and alliance security. It will explore three central questions: first, how is AI changing power relationships between states and within states—will it make war more or less likely? Second, how is AI changing the nature of war itself; can we mitigate unwanted consequences? And finally, how will AI change the world of defense institutions and diplomacy; can operations be run by committees at NATO and the EU when future wars may leave no time for deliberation or consensus building?
Cyber crime costs the world hundreds of billions of Euro’s per year. With new technological developments, it has increasingly become a threat. Therefore, governments, international organisations and private actors have increasingly turned their attention towards preventing and fighting cyber crime. The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation, better known as Europol, has set up a specialised European Cybercrime Centre (EC3) in 2013 to strengthen the response of law enforcement to cybercrime within the European Union. How big a threat is cyber crime? And what does it mean for international security?
Mark Smitham, Senior Manager of Cyber Security Policy of Microsoft
Universal Declaration of Material Rights
What if the word ‘human’ is replaced by the word ‘material’ in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to create a Universal Declaration of Material Rights? Will that provide the world with a useful framework to prevent conflicts on material resources? What if mankind would treat materials in a manner similar to the manner in which people should be treated? Thomas Rau and Sabine Oberhuber have created a vision in which consumers are no longer the owner of materials, but the user of materials. This fits in with a broader idea of circular economy that aims to minimize or even end waste. Their idea is that if we would treat materials as a resource instead of waste, we could reduce scarcity and the conflicts caused by it. If we would let materials retain their worth forever, we could organize that countries which provide the raw materials reap the benefits from it forever.
Education for Peace: The Living Legacy of the First World War
In June 1917, the first 14,000 American Expeditionary Force soldiers landed in Saint-Nazaire, France. Their arrival marked a tectonic shift in global politics, as the United States turned the principled idealism of its progressive era outward in an effort to restructure a broken international system. What have been the long-lasting impacts of this change on societies around the world? This year, it is 100 years ago that the First World War ended. Still, the war is central to ethnical debates, political discourse, governing institutions, demography, law, international relations, amongst others.
Geopolitical tensions have significantly increased over the last decade and especially in the last years. The Carnegie Corporation will organise a session within the topic, more information to be confirmed soon.
Peace Through Law
The rule of law provides stability and trust to actors of all different levels. Peace through law, that is what the Peace Palace stands for. Peace through law is fostered through the important work of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). Moreover, The Hague Academy of International Law educates hundreds of students from all around the world every year in international law. In this way, the Academy creates the next generation policy-makers, lawyers and judges that promote the international rule of law, globally. More information about the exact topic of the session will follow soon.
Health as a Foundation for Education
More information on this session will be published soon.
Day 3 - WEDNESday 26 September 2018
Youth is central to this last day of the Carnegie PeaceBuilding Conversations. Young generations are strongly affected by different types of conflict and are also involved in violence. On the other hand, young peacebuilders around the world bring new energy, fresh perspectives and more inclusiveness to processes of peacebuilding.
Organization of American States
The America’s have been relatively peaceful with regard to interstate conflict in the last decade. However, the two continents experience different types of conflict and violence that can destabilise societies. The Organization of American States (OAS) is the regional international organisation that aims to foster cooperation between the states of both north and south America. Secretary General Luis Almagro of the OAS will speak about the different dimensions of conflict that the area experiences.
Signing of Memorandum of Understanding between the Carnegie Foundation Peace Palace and the Organization of American States
Secretary-General of the OAS, Mr. Luis Almagro will deliver a keynote on the work of the OAS, its shared history with the Peace Palace, the organization’s experience with youth and peacebuilding initiatives and cooperation between the OAS and organizations in The Hague. The OAS was originally called the Pan American Union in 1890, but was renamed OAS in 1948. It is the oldest regional organization in the world and has 35 member states. Its mission is: peace and security in the continent. The building of the OAS in Washington DC was also constructed with the help of philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, which creates a shared history with the Peace Palace. Both buildings are dedicated to the cause of international peace and both buildings house a public library.
The MOU will be signed by Dr. Bernard Bot, the Chairman of the Board of the Carnegie Foundation and Mr. Luis Almagro. The purpose of the MOU is to establish a framework for cooperation to work more closely together on programs, projects and activities (including events) relating to conflict prevention and peace processes.
Next Generation Peacebuilders
Youth is often excluded from peacebuilding processes. When youth is invited to the table, this is often done symbolically to be able to present the process as inclusive. In some parts of the world, policy panic about youth and violent extremism has even led to less inclusion of young people. The UN Security Council has adopted resolutions that should promote youth inclusion in peace processes. What are the main problems that young peacebuilders encounter and how can better inclusion be promoted? The Carnegie Foundation – Peace Palace has joined forces with Youth Peace Initiative and the United Network of Young Peacebuilders (UNOY) to promote progress on this issue. Three main issues are addressed: In what ways can young peacebuilding efforts be financed? How can meaningful youth participation in formal peace and political transition processes be promoted? How can a more safe space and trustful civic space be created for young peacebuilders to work in?
Expert Session: A voice for Future Generations in PeaceBuilding Conversations
AAn empty chair will bring new light to the PeaceBuilding Conversations, namely perspectives of future generations. Imagine what future generations would bring to the table if they had a voice in peace building conversations? How can we all become experts in intergenerational equity in decision making?
This interactive session will be facilitated by LAB Future Generations, a new initiative in the Netherlands with engagement of Worldconnectors and Earth Charter Friends. LAB Future Generations is supported by the Iona and Triodos Foundations and several partners.
The session includes participation of Shlomo Shoham, former Parliamentarian Commissioner for Future Generations Israel. Youth representatives of LAB Future Generations, Miranda Willems and Ties Mouwen, will contribute. The session will be introduced by Jan van de Venis (Acting Ombudsperson) and Jannet Vaessen (director Women Inc.). The interactive session will be moderated by Alide Roerink (Earth Charter International Council member).
Alide Roerink, Earth Charter International Council Member
Jan van de Venis, Acting Ombudsperson
Jannet Vaessen, director Women Inc.
Shlomo Shoham, former Parliamentarian Commissioner for Future Generations Israel
Miranda Willems, Youth representative of LAB Future Generations
Ties Mouwen, Youth representative of LAB Future Generations