Carnegie Peacebuilding Conversations

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James D. Wolfensohn

During his decade as President of the World Bank (June 1, 1995, to May 31, 2005), James D. Wolfensohn focused on the institution’s core purpose:  fighting global poverty and helping the world’s poor forge better lives. Under his leadership, the World Bank implemented a range of significant reforms to help achieve its mission and broke new ground in several major areas, including corruption, debt relief, disabilities, the environment and gender. 



Frank Heemskerk

Frank Heemskerk serves as an Executive Director at the Board of the World Bank Group, and represents the constituency of Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Israel, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Romania and Ukraine. He is the Chairman of the Audit Committee, and a member of the World Bank Pension Finance Committee. From 2013-2014, Mr. Heemskerk served a member of the Budget Committee, and also as a member of the Human Resources Committee.


Luis Almagro

Luis Almagro is the secretary general of the Organization of American States (OAS) since 2015. A career diplomat, Almagro was Foreign Minister of Uruguay from 2010 to March 1, 2015, and has extensive regional and international experience. In addition, he was elected Senator in the national elections in Uruguay in October 2014.



Steve Killelea

Steve Killelea is an accomplished entrepreneur in high technology business development and at the forefront of philanthropic activities focused on sustainable development and peace. After successfully building two international software companies, Steve decided to dedicate most of his time and fortune to sustainable development and peace. Steve founded the Institute for Economics and Peace in 2007 to focus on better understanding the relationship between business, peace and economic development. IEP has four areas of global leadership: measuring peace, calculating the economic cost of violence, analyzing country level risk and understanding Positive Peace. IEP is recognized as one of the world's most impactful think tanks, with its work is being used by the United Nations, World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OEDC) and the Commonwealth Secretariat, as well as being included in thousands of university courses around the world.



Hugo von Meijenfeldt

Hugo G. von Meijenfeldt is the SDG coordinator at the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Before, he was Consul-General of the Netherlands in San Francisco. He is an environmental lawyer, manager and diplomat at European and global level.


David Nasaw

David Nasaw is an American author, biographer and historian who specializes in the cultural and social history of early 20th Century America. Nasaw is on the faculty of the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, where he is the Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. Professor of History.

In addition to writing numerous scholarly and popular books, he has written for publications such as the Columbia Journalism Review, American Historical Review, American Heritage, Dissent, The New Yorker, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Slate, The London Review of Books, and Condé Nast Traveler.


Jan-Peter Balkenende

Jan-Peter Balkenende is a retired Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 22 July 2002 until 14 October 2010. After his premiership, Balkenende retired from active politics and serves as a professor of Governance, Institutions and Internationalization at the Erasmus University Rotterdam since 1 December 2010. Following the end of his active political career, Balkenende worked as a Partner Corporate Responsibility for Ernst & Young from 1 April 2011 until 1 July 2017. He now serves as member of the advisory board of Dutch bank ING, and as External Senior Advisor at EY.


Ambassador Peter Hoekstra

Ambassador Peter Hoekstra, U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, was born in Groningen and immigrated with his family to the United States.  He became a prominent politician and business executive with a long history of public service. He served as a Member of Congress for eighteen years (1993-2011) representing Michigan’s 2nd District. He was the founding chairman of the Congressional Caucus on the Netherlands and active throughout his tenure in promoting Dutch-American ties. He was also the Chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence or ranking Republican on the Committee from 2004-2011.


Henk-Jan Brinkman

Henk-Jan Brinkman has been Chief Policy, Planning and Application in the Peacebuilding Support Office of the United Nations since 2010. Previously, he was chief Economic Analysis in the World Food Programme. From 2001 to 2006 he was a Senior Economic Affairs Officer in the Executive Office of the Secretary General of the United Nations, where he advised Secretary-General Kofi Annan and Deputy Secretary-General Louise Frechette on economic, social and environmental issues.  He started his career in the UN in 1989 in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. He holds a B.A. and an M.A. in economics from the University of Groningen and a Ph.D. in economics from the New School for Social Research in New York City. 


Eric Isaacs

Dr. Eric D. Isaacs begins his tenure as the 11th president of the Carnegie Institution on July 2, 2018.  Isaacs joins Carnegie from the University of Chicago where he has been the Robert A. Millikan Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Physics and the James Franck Institute Executive Vice President for Research, Innovation and National Laboratories. 

As Executive Vice President for Research, Innovation and National Laboratories, Isaacs supervised sponsored research and research proposal development across the University of Chicago. He also oversaw entrepreneurship programs and technology transfer, research safety, research computing, several research institutes and three national laboratories on behalf of the university. Isaacs served as CEO of UChicago Argonne, LLC, Vice-Chairman of the Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory and is a member of the boards for Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the Marine Biological Laboratory.  He represented the university as a founding member of the Giant Magellan Telescope Organization—of which Carnegie is a founding member .

As president of Carnegie, Isaacs oversees the research and business functions across six research sites on the East and West Coasts. 

Anna Michalak

Anna Michalak is professor in Global Ecology, and faculty member at the department of Global Ecology at the Carnegie Institution for Science.  Dr. Michalak’s research interests lie in two areas. The first is understanding and quantifying the cycling and emissions of greenhouse gases at the Earth surface at urban to global scales – scales directly relevant to informing climate and policy – primarily through the use of atmospheric observations that provide the clearest constraints at these critical scales. The second area is assessing the impacts of climate change on inland and coastal water quality via influences on nutrient delivery to, and on conditions within, water bodies.

Timothy Strobel

Strobel received his B.S. and Ph. D. from the Colorado School of Mines in 2004 and 2008 respectively. In 2008 he became a Carnegie postdoctoral fellow, where he became fascinated by high-pressure science. In 2010 he was appointed research scientist, then staff scientist in 2011. Timothy Strobel subjects materials to high-pressures to understand chemical processes  and interactions, and to create new, advanced energy-related materials.

Tomáš Valášek

Tomáš Valášek is the director of Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on security and defense, transatlantic relations, and Europe’s Eastern neighborhood.

Previously, he served as the permanent representative of the Slovak Republic to NATO for nearly four years. Before that, he was president of the Central European Policy Institute in Bratislava (2012–2013), director of foreign policy and defense at the Centre for European Reform in London (2007–2012), and founder and director of the Brussels office of the World Security Institute (2002–2006). In 2006–2007, he served as acting political director and head of the security and defense policy division at the Slovak Ministry of Defense.

Steven Wilson

Steven originates from Ayrshire in Scotland and was a Police Officer in Scotland from 1985-2015. 
He performed a variety of senior Detective roles and worked in covert policing, major investigations, sex offender management, CT investigations, witness protection, cybercrime and cyber enabled crime including online child sexual exploitation.

He commenced as Head of EC3 in January 2016 and is responsible for the central collation of criminal intelligence on cybercrime across the EU, supporting member state investigations into Online Child Sexual Exploitation, Cyber-dependent crimes, non-cash means of payment fraud, and Crime on the Dark Web. 

He is also responsible for the Joint Cybercrime Action Taskforce (JCAT) , a team of specialist cyber investigators seconded to EC3 from multiple countries. His teams at EC3 further provide digital and document forensic support in complex cases across EU, strategic analysis of threats and trends, liaison with industry, academia and non-law enforcement partners, prevention and awareness raising, and capacity building.


Bernard Bot

Bernard Bot  is a Dutch diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA). He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 3 December 2003 until 22 February 2007 in the Cabinets Balkenende II and III. He served in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 2002, including postings at the Permanent Representation of the Netherlands to the European Community from 1964 to 1970, the Dutch embassy in Buenos Aires to 1973, and at the embassy in former East-Berlin in the DDR. In the period 1976-1982 he worked in the Netherlands for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague, after which he was Deputy Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation(NATO) in Brussels. Bot is a partner of the Praaning Meines Consultancy Group and holds various public posts including President of the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy, Chairman of the Board of the Clingendael Institute in The Hague and Chairman of the Carnegie Foundation – Peace Palace. 


Pauline Krikke

Pauline Krikke has been the mayor of The Hague since 17 March 2017. She was born in Sneek on 9 May 1961. She studied in Amsterdam, during which time she became a member of the People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). In 1986, at the age of 25, she started up an events agency.

Representing the VVD, she became a member of the municipal council in Amsterdam in 1994. In 1996, she became deputy mayor for Economic Affairs, Airport and Seaport. After the municipal council elections of 1998, she was re-elected as deputy mayor and changed her portfolios to Economic Affairs and Employment, Construction, Housing and the Economy. In that period, she led many international trade delegations with Amsterdam companies and organisations.

In September 2001, Pauline Krikke became mayor of Arnhem. In 2007, she was appointed for another six years. From 2003 to 2007, she was also a member of the Taskforce Youth Unemployment. After two full terms, she decided not to continue as mayor for a third term. In July 2013, she resigned her post in Arnhem. Besides her role as mayor, from 2005 to 2013 she was also an enthusiastic member of the board of the international Red Cross /Red Crescent Movement.

After resigning as mayor, Pauline Krikke established herself as an independent consultant and regulator for government and industry. From October 2014, she was general director of Het Scheepvaartmuseum in Amsterdam. Nevertheless, her main love was public service. In 2015, she therefore became a member of the Senate. She resigned that membership when she was inaugurated as mayor of The Hague on 17 March 2017.

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Mick Jackson

Mick Jackson is a serial entrepreneur, author and Ex Chart topping rock singer. He is also the founder of the WildHearts Group – a portfolio of companies committed to creating global social change. To date, WildHearts have transformed over 250,000 lives globally and invested over £6,000,000. WildHearts aims to transform one million lives by 2020. 

Mick’s work has been recognised globally; he has received numerous honorary doctorates, was EY Entrepreneur of the Year in 2016 and was voted Top Scot by the UK public (an honour he shares with JK Rowling and Sir Chris Hoy). In 2015 WildHearts was voted Social Enterprise UK’s Social Business of the Year. Mick is the second only recipient of the highly prestigious Babson Social Innovation Award from the world’s top school in entrepreneurship. 


Erwin Telemans

Erwin Telemans is the CEO of Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT). Upon taking over from CCBRT’s founder in October 2006, Erwin has guided CCBRT through a unique period of growth, transformation and development.

Under Erwin’s leadership, CCBRT has undergone a number of significant cultural and organisational shifts: the restructuring of the CCBRT’s financial management and fundraising systems and a drive for continuous improvement. He has also pushed further on organisational sustainability through the cross-subsidy model of CCBRT’s Private Clinic, and has ushered CCBRT into the next phase of work on reducing maternal and newborn mortality through the construction of a 200-bed Maternity Hospital in Dar es Salaam, alongside extensive capacity building activities throughout the city. 

Erwin holds a Masters’ Degree in Development Policy and Practice and is also a trained physiotherapist. He designed, built and managed 50-100 bedded hospital facilities in the DRC, Sudan and Rwanda and managed a portfolio of over 20 development projects in Central Africa while being based in Kenya. 
He has lived in Africa for over 40 years.


Thomas Rau

Thomas Rau is entrepreneur, architect, innovator, inspirator and visionary. He was proclaimed Architect of the Year 2013 and received from the journal De Architect the ARC13 Oeuvre Award for his efforts in the last 20 years to promote and realize sustainable architecture across the board, as well as for 'his inspiring contribution to the social and architectural agenda. ' He is led by what is needed in the future, and not what is possible at the moment. As an architect, Thomas Rau has been an authority on energy positive building and circular building for decades. Rau’s agency Turntoo initiated ‘The Universal Declaration of Material Rights’. The architecture of that new economy is based on the organised relationship between man and nature, which can exist in the closed system earth. Within that system, everything is equally important, so if people have rights, materials should be entitled to rights as well.

Arif Neky

Arif Neky is the Coordinator of the new UNDP Global Post-2015 Partnership Platform for Philanthropy project at the Kenya Country Office level. Arif’s extensive experience is across social development and private enterprise across three continents. His leadership in social development, enterprise and financial services includes forging partnerships across philanthropic and non-profit organizations with governments, bilateral/multilateral donors and private sector.

As the former Regional CEO of the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) East Africa for over 13 years, Arif was directly responsible for a wide portfolio of programs in education, health, rural development and civil society enhancement with a team of over 250 staff to successfully impact development outcomes with many of the poorest communities in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

Sid Chatterjee

Sid Chatterjee is the United Nations Resident Coordinator and the UNDP Resident Representative in Kenya since 26 August 2016. As the United Nations Resident Coordinator he coordinates the work of 27 UN agencies, driven by a determination to deliver as one. Spanning humanitarian action to development work in Kenya, the United Nations Development Assistance Framework is fully aligned to the Government of Kenya's strategic priorities. Next to having an extensive UN career, he also was the Chief Diplomat & Head of Strategic Partnerships at the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the world’s largest humanitarian organization based in Switzerland. 

Gary Milante

Dr Gary Milante is the Director of SIPRI's Peace and Development Programme. His research focuses on the intersection of security and socio-economic development throughout his career as a researcher and policy advisor. From first principles based on theory of conflict and cooperation, to applied econometrics, statistical analysis and modeling, Dr Milante has concentrated on making the complex problems associated with sequencing of institutional reforms, development portfolio design, strategic planning and needs assessment accessible to policymakers and practitioners in the field, with a special focus on the needs of fragile and conflict-affected states.

 John Morris

John is dedicated to future initiatives and strategies to expand the SOCAP brand and the impact marketplace. John is responsible for the “Good Capital Project” – a two-year design thinking initiative launched by Intentional Media in 2016. As CEO of V2V Associates, John consulted to the previous ownership of SOCAP before partnering with Robert Caruso, CEO of Kantian Social Ventures to lead the formation of Intentional Media to provide the resources needed to expand the SOCAP brand and other aligned initiatives.


Reed Bonadonna

Reed Bonadonna is a former infantry officer and field historian in the U.S. Marine Corps with deployments to Lebanon and Iraq and retiring with the rank of colonel. He was formerly a Carnegie Council Global Ethics Fellow. Bonadonna was also previously the director of ethics and character development at the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. Bonadonna has a doctorate in English literature from Boston University and has published numerous articles on leadership and ethics. His book Soldiers and Civilization: How the Profession of Arms Thought and Fought the Modern World into Existence was published by Naval Institute Press in May, 2017.


Mary Barton

Mary Barton is a historian with the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Historical Office. She received her Ph.D. in history from the University of Virginia and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in U.S. Foreign Policy and International Security at Dartmouth College's Dickey Center for International Understanding in August 2017. Her research examines the development of modern counter-terrorism strategies and practices in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Barton has published articles in Diplomatic History and the Journal of British Studies.


Zach Dorfman

Zach Dorfman is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and a freelance writer and editor, with a focus on U.S. foreign policy, terrorism, espionage, and the Middle East.

His work has appeared in Politico Magazine, the Atlantic, the Atavist, the Wall Street Journal, the Los Angeles Times, Foreign Affairs, and the Nation, among other publications. His feature for the Atavist was a finalist for a 2017 Livingston Award.

Previously, he was a full-time Senior Editor at Ethics & International Affairs, the quarterly journal of the Carnegie Council, where he commissioned features, essays, and reviews on issues of war and peace, the environment, international institutions, foreign policy, and more.


Philip Caruso

Phil Caruso is a candidate for JD and MBA degrees at Harvard University, where he is a Tillman Scholar and Terence M. Considine Fellow in Law & Economics.

Caruso is a military veteran and a member of the Truman National Security Project. He was previously a 2017 Pacific Delegate with the Carnegie Council's Asia Dialogues program and a 2016 Law Fellow with the Fellowships at Auschwitz for the Study of Professional Ethics.


Richard L. Millett

Richard L. Millett is a research associate of the Center for International Studies, University of Missouri-St. Louis and an adjunct professor at the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management. Millet is also vice-president of the Midwest Association for Latin American Studies and Senior Partner of the Millett Group LLC. He is the previous chair of military affairs at the Marine Corps University and has received the Perry Award for Excellence in Security and Defense Education from the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies at National Defense University. Millet has published over one hundred items, with articles appearing in Foreign Policy, The Washington Post, and The New Republic, among others.

Ella Robertson

Ella Robertson is the Managing Director of One Young World International – organizing conferences around specific themes for young leaders in order to generate positive change. One Young World is the global forum for young leaders. As Managing Director International, she is responsible for the annual Summit which unites young leaders, from every country and sector, working to accelerate the change they want to see. The annual Summit takes place in a different city each year and Ella works with national and local government; businesses; NGOs, and the media on activation and delivery. Recent Host Cities include Bangkok, Dublin, Ottawa and Bogota. She is also responsible for ensuring One Young World achieves the maximum social impact throughout the year, overseeing the strategy behind the The One Young World Ambassador community which is the network for identifying, promoting and connecting the world’s most impactful young leaders.

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Ian Walker

Ian Walker is a Senior Director within the Johnson & Johnson Global Community Impact team and guides the company's strategy and execution in the area of Social Business Practice, mainly in EMEA and Asia Pacific.

Prior to joining the Global Community Impact team in September 2014, Ian was Managing Director of the Johnson & Johnson MISSA (Maghreb, Iran and Sub Saharan Africa) business for Johnson & Johnson’s Medical Device business for seven years.

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Joel H. Rosenthal

Joel H. Rosenthal, is president of Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. He is also adjunct professor at the Bard College Globalization and International Affairs (BGIA) program in New York City. During his tenure as president, the Council has developed its Carnegie Ethics Studio, producing multimedia programs for television, radio, and web audiences worldwide. The Council also established its Global Ethics Network of fellows located in two dozen countries in Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, and the Middle East. As a scholar and teacher, Rosenthal has focused on ethics in U.S. foreign policy, with special emphasis on issues of war and peace, human rights, and pluralism. His first book, Righteous Realists (1991), is a study of Hans Morgenthau, George Kennan, and Reinhold Niebuhr, among other American realists. His edited volume, Ethics & International Affairs: A Reader (Georgetown University Press; 3rd edition, co-edited by Christian Barry), is a compilation of essays from major figures in the field and is widely used in college and university courses. In 2016, Rosenthal was appointed Dorsett Fellow at Dartmouth College. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University and B.A. from Harvard University. In addition to his ongoing teaching duties, he lectures frequently at universities and public venues across the United States and around the world.


Victor Ochen

Mr. Victor Ochen is the Founder and Executive Director for African Youth Initiative Network (AYINET). Born in northern Uganda, he spent 21 years as a refugee and transformed his experiences into leading the anti-child soldiers’ recruitment campaign amidst the war in northern Uganda. He is one of the most important figures in Africa in the struggle for human rights and justice. Forbes Magazines named Ochen in 2015 as one of the 10 most powerful men in Africa, while Archbishop Desmond Tutu attested that “my heart swells with joy to see Ochen as one of the new hope for Africa”.

Through his initiative of societal healing and social transformation, he has provided reconstructive medical rehabilitation to 21,000+ war victims. Ochen’s life, work and his worldview are based on these principles of peace, morality and common humanity. He was appointed as the United Nations Goodwill Ambassadors for Peace and Justice representing SDG Goal 16. Ochen is also a member to the Global Advisory group to the UNHCR on Gender, Forced Displacement and Protection. He is the first Ugandan and the youngest ever African nominated for Nobel Peace Prize 2015. 



As a journalist for the Belgian public broadcaster VRT, Rudi Vranckx (1959) has shown the effect of conflict on daily life with personal reports. The board of the Carnegie Foundation recognizes his courage to travel to the most dangerous conflict areas in the world. He started his career as a war correspondent in 1989 reporting on the uprising against Ceausescu in Romania. Over the past decades he has reported on wars and conflicts around the world, including in the former Yugoslavia, the Middle East and North Africa, to draw attention to suffering and injustice in conflict situations. Vranckx was one of the last European journalists to leave Egypt during the violence of the Arab Spring and he lived through an attack in Syria that killed his French colleague.