Carnegie Peacebuilding Conversations

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Plenary Speakers:

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H.E. Luis Almagro is the secretary general of the Organization of American States (OAS) since 2015. A career diplomat, Almagro was Foreign Minister of Uruguay from 2010 to March 1, 2015, and has extensive regional and international experience. In addition, he was elected Senator in the national elections in Uruguay in October 2014.

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After having finished his legal education at the University of Amsterdam, Erik de Baedts (1968) started his career as a consultant and later manager for Ernst & Young consulting for various business sectors in the field of association management. He then joined the Ministry of Economic Affairs of The Netherlands as project leader for the liberalisation of the energy market, focusing on the continuity of domestic energy supply. 

Having re-entered into consultancy as a senior advisor, he was then appointed as managing director for Royal NVRD, the Dutch waste management association. Representing the Dutch municipal waste sector, he was elected as president of the European sectorial association Municipal Waste Europe, and as a board member of the global waste business representative association ISWA, where he promoted sustainability and exchange of knowledge and technology through the United Nations Climate Accords.

In 2015 he moved to The Hague with his family when he was appointed as General Director of the Carnegie Foundation - Peace Palace and as Treasurer of The Hague Academy of International Law. He is also active in enhancing cooperation between the network of Carnegie Institutions in the world, with a view to promoting international peace through law and philanthropy, utilising the Peace Palace as a global icon for peace and justice.


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Bernard Bot  is a Dutch diplomat of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA). He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 3 December 2003 until 22 February 2007 in the Cabinets Balkenende II and III. He served in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1963 to 2002, including postings at the Permanent Representation of the Netherlands to the European Community from 1964 to 1970, the Dutch embassy in Buenos Aires to 1973, and at the embassy in former East-Berlin in the DDR. In the period 1976-1982 he worked in the Netherlands for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague, after which he was Deputy Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation(NATO) in Brussels. Bot is a partner of the Praaning Meines Consultancy Group and holds various public posts including President of the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy, Chairman of the Board of the Clingendael Institute in The Hague and Chairman of the Carnegie Foundation – Peace Palace. 

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Henk-Jan Brinkman has been Chief Policy, Planning and Application in the Peacebuilding Support Office of the United Nations since 2010. Previously, he was chief Economic Analysis in the World Food Programme. From 2001 to 2006 he was a Senior Economic Affairs Officer in the Executive Office of the Secretary General of the United Nations, where he advised Secretary-General Kofi Annan and Deputy Secretary-General Louise Frechette on economic, social and environmental issues.  He started his career in the UN in 1989 in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. He holds a B.A. and an M.A. in economics from the University of Groningen and a Ph.D. in economics from the New School for Social Research in New York City. 

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Mohammed Foboi is a Liberian youth advocate born 10th September 1989. He is a graduating senior at the University of Liberia majoring in Mass Communication and have specialized trainings in youth leadership development, peacebuilding, advocacy, good governance, gender mainstreaming, public policy, communication science, and leadership. He is specialized in youth leadership development, Peacebuilding, conflict management, public policy, Climate Justice, and education reform. Mohammed is most passionate about education reform, youth and gender mainstreaming, peace and security and climate justice.  He is the Founder and Executive Director of Students Against Destructive Actions & Decisions (SADAD Liberia), a member organization of UNOY Peacebuilders, and regional coordinator for West and Central Africa  of UNOY Peacebuilders. Mohammed is a prominent youth leader in his home country and Africa. He is the co-author of “Sarah and the Plum Palaver,” a UNICEF peace education book currently being used in Liberian Schools, and has co-authored three other books that are being used in Liberian schools by the Ministry of Education. He is Global Youth Ambassador at A World At School, a global initiative to enroll out-of-school children.
As a young leader, he is passionate about a society that:
Respects the rights of all, and advances the plight of youth by making them the ‘center’ of social, political, technological, and economic advancement.

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Dr. Eric D. Isaacs begins his tenure as the 11th president of the Carnegie Institution on July 2, 2018.  Isaacs joins Carnegie from the University of Chicago where he has been the Robert A. Millikan Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Physics and the James Franck Institute Executive Vice President for Research, Innovation and National Laboratories. 

As Executive Vice President for Research, Innovation and National Laboratories, Isaacs supervised sponsored research and research proposal development across the University of Chicago. He also oversaw entrepreneurship programs and technology transfer, research safety, research computing, several research institutes and three national laboratories on behalf of the university. Isaacs served as CEO of UChicago Argonne, LLC, Vice-Chairman of the Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory and is a member of the boards for Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the Marine Biological Laboratory.  He represented the university as a founding member of the Giant Magellan Telescope Organization—of which Carnegie is a founding member .

As president of Carnegie, Isaacs oversees the research and business functions across six research sites on the East and West Coasts. 

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Steve Killelea is an accomplished entrepreneur in high technology business development and at the forefront of philanthropic activities focused on sustainable development and peace. After successfully building two international software companies, Steve decided to dedicate most of his time and fortune to sustainable development and peace. Steve founded the Institute for Economics and Peace in 2007 to focus on better understanding the relationship between business, peace and economic development. IEP has four areas of global leadership: measuring peace, calculating the economic cost of violence, analyzing country level risk and understanding Positive Peace. IEP is recognized as one of the world's most impactful think tanks, with its work is being used by the United Nations, World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OEDC) and the Commonwealth Secretariat, as well as being included in thousands of university courses around the world.

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Mary Kaldor is a Professor of Global Governance and Director of the Conflict and Civil Society Research Unit in the LSE Department of International Development. Professor Kaldor also directs the unit’s largest research project, the Conflict Research Programme (CRP), an international DFID-funded partnership investigating public authority, through a theoretical lens of the political marketplace and the concept of civicness, across a range of countries in Africa and the Middle East.

Professor Kaldor is highly regarded for her innovative work on democratisation, conflict, and globalisation. She was a founding member of European Nuclear Disarmament (END), a founder and Co-Chair of the Helsinki Citizen's Assembly and a member of the International Independent Commission to investigate the Kosovo Crisis, established by the Swedish Prime Minister.

Professor Kaldor pioneered the concept of new wars and global civil society and her work on the practical implementation of human security has directly influenced European and national politics. Her books include: The Baroque ArsenalNew and Old Wars: Organised Violence in a Global EraGlobal Civil Society: An Answer to War and Human Security: Reflections on Globalization and Intervention. She is also the editor and co-author of the annual Global Civil Society Yearbook. Her most recent book International Law and New Wars, co-authored with Professor Christine Chinkin, was published in May 2017. At the request of Javier Solana, she was Convener for the Study Group on European Security Capabilities, which produced the influential Barcelona report, 'A Human Security Doctrine for Europe'.

Professor Kaldor has been awarded Honorary Professorships at the University of Sussex and Corvinus University, Budapest, and holds the 2015 Ludvig Quidde Award for academic achievement in the field of peace. 

In 2003, Professor Kaldor’s work was recognised with the receipt of Commander of the British Empire (CBE) for 'services to democracy and global governance'.

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Pauline Krikke has been the mayor of The Hague since 17 March 2017. She studied in Amsterdam, during which time she became a member of the People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). In 1986, at the age of 25, she started up an events agency.

Representing the VVD, she became a member of the municipal council in Amsterdam in 1994. In 1996, she became deputy mayor for Economic Affairs, Airport and Seaport. After the municipal council elections of 1998, she was re-elected as deputy mayor and changed her portfolios to Economic Affairs and Employment, Construction, Housing and the Economy.  

In September 2001, Pauline Krikke became mayor of Arnhem. From 2003 to 2007, she was also a member of the Taskforce Youth Unemployment. In July 2013, she resigned her post in Arnhem. Besides her role as mayor, from 2005 to 2013 she was also an enthusiastic member of the board of the international Red Cross /Red Crescent Movement.

After resigning as mayor, Pauline Krikke established herself as an independent consultant and regulator for government and industry. From October 2014, she was general director of Het Scheepvaartmuseum in Amsterdam. Nevertheless, her main love was public service. In 2015, she therefore became a member of the Senate. She resigned that membership when she was inaugurated as mayor of The Hague on 17 March 2017.

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Hugo G. von Meijenfeldt is the Sustainable Development Goals coordinator at the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Before, he was Consul-General of the Netherlands in San Francisco. He is an environmental lawyer, manager and diplomat at European and global level.

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David Nasaw is an American author, biographer and historian who specializes in the cultural and social history of early 20th Century America. Nasaw is on the faculty of the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, where he is the Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. Professor of History.

In addition to writing numerous scholarly and popular books, he has written for publications such as the Columbia Journalism Review, American Historical Review, American Heritage, Dissent, The New Yorker, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Slate, The London Review of Books, and Condé Nast Traveler.

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Mr. Victor Ochen is the Founder and Executive Director for African Youth Initiative Network (AYINET). Born in northern Uganda, he spent 21 years as a refugee and transformed his experiences into leading the anti-child soldiers’ recruitment campaign amidst the war in northern Uganda. He is one of the most important figures in Africa in the struggle for human rights and justice. Forbes Magazines named Ochen in 2015 as one of the 10 most powerful men in Africa, while Archbishop Desmond Tutu attested that “my heart swells with joy to see Ochen as one of the new hope for Africa”.

Through his initiative of societal healing and social transformation, he has provided reconstructive medical rehabilitation to 21,000+ war victims. Ochen’s life, work and his worldview are based on these principles of peace, morality and common humanity. He was appointed as the United Nations Goodwill Ambassadors for Peace and Justice representing SDG Goal 16. Ochen is also a member to the Global Advisory group to the UNHCR on Gender, Forced Displacement and Protection. He is the first Ugandan and the youngest ever African nominated for Nobel Peace Prize 2015. 

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Ella Robertson is the Managing Director of One Young World, the global forum for young leaders. Ella oversees the annual One Young World Summit which has taken place in nine different cities across the world, from Bangkok to Bogota. Ella’s main passion is building communities: Ella recently founded W1 Debates which seeks to create robust but civilised discourse on foreign policy issues by hosting live debates and forums. Alongside this, Ella is the Co-Founder of the Sino-German Initiative, a new venture which will be running conferences and programs to increase the business and cultural relationships between Germany and China. Ella read English Literature at Balliol College Oxford and began a law training contract with a Magic Circle firm before changing track and pursuing a career in the third sector. She was on the Scottish International Debating team and lives in Marylebone where she is a governor at a local primary school.

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Joel H. Rosenthal, is president of Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. He is also adjunct professor at the Bard College Globalization and International Affairs (BGIA) program in New York City. During his tenure as president, the Council has developed its Carnegie Ethics Studio, producing multimedia programs for television, radio, and web audiences worldwide. The Council also established its Global Ethics Network of fellows located in two dozen countries in Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, and the Middle East. As a scholar and teacher, Rosenthal has focused on ethics in U.S. foreign policy, with special emphasis on issues of war and peace, human rights, and pluralism. His first book, Righteous Realists (1991), is a study of Hans Morgenthau, George Kennan, and Reinhold Niebuhr, among other American realists. His edited volume, Ethics & International Affairs: A Reader (Georgetown University Press; 3rd edition, co-edited by Christian Barry), is a compilation of essays from major figures in the field and is widely used in college and university courses. In 2016, Rosenthal was appointed Dorsett Fellow at Dartmouth College. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University and B.A. from Harvard University. In addition to his ongoing teaching duties, he lectures frequently at universities and public venues across the United States and around the world.

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Mridul Upadhyay is the Asia Coordinator of UNOY Peacebuilders, where is coordinating with and networking for 13 member organisations from 8 countries of the region. In 2015, he co-founded Youth for Peace International (YfPI), a UNOY member organization in India. He is a development professional who is passionate about transformational youth leadership and peaceful social development. Thus, he has been working at the community, national, regional and international levels through ground projects, networking, activism, trainings and policy advocacy for the last 10 years. He also supports UN Major Group on Children and Youth (MGCY) as Global Focal Point of Humanitarian Affairs and he co-chairs Thematic Working Group on YPS of UN Asia Pacific Interagency Network on Youth (APINY). Previously, he has supported Commonwealth Youth Peace Ambassador Network, Commonwealth Youth Council, Rotary International and National Service Scheme (Government of India). Mridul has been a youth consultant to UNSCR 2250 progress study and Youth Peace Security Consultation and contributing author to UNESCO MGIEP’s Youth-led guide on Prevention of Violent Extremism through Education. Mridul was chosen as ‘Commonwealth Young Achiever' is currently also a United State Institute of Peace - Generation Change Fellow.

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Tom de Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.

He is the author of numerous publications about the region. His latest book is Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2015). He is also the author of the authoritative book on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War (NYU Press, second edition 2013), which has been translated into Armenian, Azeri, Russian, and Turkish, and of The Caucasus: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2010).

De Waal has worked extensively as a journalist and writer in the Caucasus and Black Sea region and in Russia. From 1993 to 1997, he worked in Moscow for the Moscow Times, the Times of London, and the Economist, specializing in Russian politics and the situation in Chechnya. He is the co-author (with Carlotta Gall) of the book Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus (NYU Press, 1997), for which the authors were awarded the James Cameron Prize for Distinguished Reporting.

He has also worked for the BBC and for the Institute for War and Peace Reporting, a London-based NGO.

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Session Speakers:



Jan-Peter Balkenende is a retired Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 22 July 2002 until 14 October 2010. After his premiership, Balkenende retired from active politics and serves as a professor of Governance, Institutions and Internationalization at the Erasmus University Rotterdam since 1 December 2010. Following the end of his active political career, Balkenende worked as a Partner Corporate Responsibility for Ernst & Young from 1 April 2011 until 1 July 2017. He now serves as member of the advisory board of Dutch bank ING, and as External Senior Advisor at EY.

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Mary Barton is a historian with the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Historical Office. She received her Ph.D. in history from the University of Virginia and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in U.S. Foreign Policy and International Security at Dartmouth College's Dickey Center for International Understanding in August 2017. Her research examines the development of modern counter-terrorism strategies and practices in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Barton has published articles in Diplomatic History and the Journal of British Studies.

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Reed Bonadonna is a former infantry officer and field historian in the U.S. Marine Corps with deployments to Lebanon and Iraq and retiring with the rank of colonel. He was formerly a Carnegie Council Global Ethics Fellow. Bonadonna was also previously the director of ethics and character development at the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. Bonadonna has a doctorate in English literature from Boston University and has published numerous articles on leadership and ethics. His book Soldiers and Civilization: How the Profession of Arms Thought and Fought the Modern World into Existence was published by Naval Institute Press in May, 2017.

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Phil Caruso is a candidate for JD and MBA degrees at Harvard University, where he is a Tillman Scholar and Terence M. Considine Fellow in Law & Economics.

Caruso is a military veteran and a member of the Truman National Security Project. He was previously a 2017 Pacific Delegate with the Carnegie Council's Asia Dialogues program and a 2016 Law Fellow with the Fellowships at Auschwitz for the Study of Professional Ethics.

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Sid Chatterjee is the United Nations Resident Coordinator and the UNDP Resident Representative in Kenya since 26 August 2016. As the United Nations Resident Coordinator he coordinates the work of 27 UN agencies, driven by a determination to deliver as one. Spanning humanitarian action to development work in Kenya, the United Nations Development Assistance Framework is fully aligned to the Government of Kenya's strategic priorities. Next to having an extensive UN career, he also was the Chief Diplomat & Head of Strategic Partnerships at the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the world’s largest humanitarian organization based in Switzerland. 

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Zach Dorfman is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and a freelance writer and editor, with a focus on U.S. foreign policy, terrorism, espionage, and the Middle East.

His work has appeared in Politico Magazine, the Atlantic, the Atavist, the Wall Street Journal, the Los Angeles Times, Foreign Affairs, and the Nation, among other publications. His feature for the Atavist was a finalist for a 2017 Livingston Award.

Previously, he was a full-time Senior Editor at Ethics & International Affairs, the quarterly journal of the Carnegie Council, where he commissioned features, essays, and reviews on issues of war and peace, the environment, international institutions, foreign policy, and more.

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During the course of his career, Hammargren has spent twenty years in managerial and policy analyst roles, advising bi- and multilateral development co-operation, serving the Swedish government and with the OECD. Areas of focus have included humanitarian aid, conflict management and peacebuilding, and support to democracy and human rights. In addition, he has ten years of in-country experience from Eastern-, Southern and Northern Africa and South East Asia, mainly in conflict and post-conflict situations. Recent tasks have included the Chairmanship of the Financing and Aid Architecture of the OECD DACs Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF) and work on developing Peace- and Statebuilding Goals and Compacts for improved aid delivery in Fragile States within the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding. Prior to engagement in development co-operation, Hammargren worked in the private sector. 

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Judge Xue Hanqin is judge at the International Court of Justice (elected on 29 June 2010, re-elected as from 6 February 2012) and Vice-President of the Court since 6 February 2018.                                                                       

She has studied at the Beijing Foreign Language Studies University and received her diploma in 1980, and got her diploma of the International Law at Beijing University in 1982 and finished her studies at the Colombia University School of Law in 1983. In 1995 she became Doctor of Juridical Science.

Her academic positions include: Vice-President and Council member of the Chinese Society of International Law (1997-2013), President of the Asian Society of International Law (2009-2011), Associate member and member of l’Institut de droit international (since 2005), member of the Curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law (2010-2016),  Honorary Doctor of Law, Macau University (2013), Member of the International Council of Arbitration for Sport (since 2014) and Member of the International Olympic Committee Ethics Commission (since 2017).

Her professional positions include: Director-General, Law and Treaty Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China (1999-2003), Member of the U.N. International Law Commission (2001-2010), Chairman of the Commission (2010), Ambassador of China to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Permanent Representative to the Organization on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (2003-2008), Ambassador of China to ASEAN and Legal Counsel of the Foreign Ministry of China (2008-2010).

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Ambassador Peter Hoekstra, U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, was born in Groningen and immigrated with his family to the United States.  He became a prominent politician and business executive with a long history of public service. He served as a Member of Congress for eighteen years (1993-2011) representing Michigan’s 2nd District. He was the founding chairman of the Congressional Caucus on the Netherlands and active throughout his tenure in promoting Dutch-American ties. He was also the Chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence or ranking Republican on the Committee from 2004-2011.

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Mick Jackson is a serial entrepreneur, author and Ex Chart topping rock singer. He is also the founder of the WildHearts Group – a portfolio of companies committed to creating global social change. To date, WildHearts have transformed over 250,000 lives globally and invested over £6,000,000. WildHearts aims to transform one million lives by 2020. 

Mick’s work has been recognised globally; he has received numerous honorary doctorates, was EY Entrepreneur of the Year in 2016 and was voted Top Scot by the UK public (an honour he shares with JK Rowling and Sir Chris Hoy). In 2015 WildHearts was voted Social Enterprise UK’s Social Business of the Year. Mick is the second only recipient of the highly prestigious Babson Social Innovation Award from the world’s top school in entrepreneurship. 

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Rem Korteweg is head of the Europe in the World unit at Clingendael Research. He works on European external policy, with a specific focus on the intersection between foreign policy, trade and security issues.

Until April 2017 Rem Korteweg was a senior research fellow at the Centre for European Reform (CER) in London. His research focused on Europe's neighbourhood, the geopolitics of trade, EU energy security, Brexit, and relations with Asia. Before joining CER, Rem worked at The Hague Center for Strategic Studies (HCSS). In 2012, he had a posting at the Netherlands’ Ministry of Foreign Affairs as strategic policy advisor. In 2006-2007, he was a Fulbright scholar at the Johns Hopkins-SAIS Center for Transatlantic Relations in Washington DC. Rem has a PhD in International Relations from Leiden University, a masters in the History of International Relations from Utrecht University and a bachelors in Social Sciences from University College Utrecht. He is a committee-member of the Netherlands' Advisory Council on International Affairs (AIV), which advises the Dutch government and parliament on foreign policy issues.

He is a regular contributor to various international media and has published in a variety of newspapers and academic journals. He is the author of “The superpower, the bridge-builder and the hesitant ally: How defence transformation divided NATO 1991-2008” (2011).

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Harriet joined International Alert in late 2015 and leads its work across 25 countries and key themes, from gender relations to the role the private sector can play in supporting peace.

Before joining Alert, Harriet was CEO of Fairtrade International from 2012–2015 and Executive Director of the UK-based Fairtrade Foundation from 2001–2012, seeing Fairtrade sales grow from £30m to £1.3bn in 2011. Fairtrade now reaches 1.5 million farmers and workers and works with over 4,000 companies.

Harriet previously worked with NGOs with a focus on international development and peace. She lobbied for the EU Code of Conduct on Arms Sales, against export credits for arms sales to repressive regimes, and for more and better aid. She worked with refugees in Britain and on low pay issues, and lived in India for six years, including with a rural development NGO.

Harriet’s book, ‘Fighting the Banana Wars and Other Fairtrade Battles’, was published in 2008. Her awards include a CBE in the New Year Honours List 2006, Credit Suisse Business Woman of the Year and Cosmopolitan Eco-Queen.

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Dr. Anna M. Michalak is a faculty member in the Department of Global Ecology of the Carnegie Institution for Science and a Professor in the Department of Earth System Science at Stanford University. She studies the cycling and emissions of greenhouse gases at urban to global scales – scales directly relevant to informing climate and policy – primarily through the use of atmospheric observations. She also explores climate change impacts on freshwater and coastal water quality via influences on nutrient delivery to, and on conditions within, water bodies. 

She is the lead author of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan, a former Editor of the journal Water Resources Research, and Chair of the scientific advisory board for the European Integrated Carbon Observation System. She is the recipient of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (nominated by NASA), the NSF CAREER award, and the Leopold Fellowship in environmental leadership.  

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Dr Gary Milante is the Director of SIPRI's Peace and Development Programme. His research focuses on the intersection of security and socio-economic development throughout his career as a researcher and policy advisor. From first principles based on theory of conflict and cooperation, to applied econometrics, statistical analysis and modeling, Dr Milante has concentrated on making the complex problems associated with sequencing of institutional reforms, development portfolio design, strategic planning and needs assessment accessible to policymakers and practitioners in the field, with a special focus on the needs of fragile and conflict-affected states.

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Richard L. Millett is a research associate of the Center for International Studies, University of Missouri-St. Louis and an adjunct professor at the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management. Millet is also vice-president of the Midwest Association for Latin American Studies and Senior Partner of the Millett Group LLC. He is the previous chair of military affairs at the Marine Corps University and has received the Perry Award for Excellence in Security and Defense Education from the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies at National Defense University. Millet has published over one hundred items, with articles appearing in Foreign Policy, The Washington Post, and The New Republic, among others.

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John is dedicated to future initiatives and strategies to expand the SOCAP brand and the impact marketplace. John is responsible for the “Good Capital Project” – a two-year design thinking initiative launched by Intentional Media in 2016. As CEO of V2V Associates, John consulted to the previous ownership of SOCAP before partnering with Robert Caruso, CEO of Kantian Social Ventures to lead the formation of Intentional Media to provide the resources needed to expand the SOCAP brand and other aligned initiatives.

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Arif Neky is the Coordinator of the new UNDP Global Post-2015 Partnership Platform for Philanthropy project at the Kenya Country Office level. Arif’s extensive experience is across social development and private enterprise across three continents. His leadership in social development, enterprise and financial services includes forging partnerships across philanthropic and non-profit organizations with governments, bilateral/multilateral donors and private sector.

As the former Regional CEO of the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) East Africa for over 13 years, Arif was directly responsible for a wide portfolio of programs in education, health, rural development and civil society enhancement with a team of over 250 staff to successfully impact development outcomes with many of the poorest communities in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

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Professor Funmi Olonisakin is Vice-President and Vice-Principal International and Professor of Security, Leadership & Development at King’s College London. She is also founding Director of the African Leadership Centre (ALC), which aims to build the next generation of African scholars and analysts generating cutting edge knowledge for conflict, security and development in Africa. Prior to this, she was Programme Director of the ALC King’s College London MSc programmes on Security, Leadership and Society and MSc Leadership and Development as well as the Postgraduate Research Programme on Leadership Studies with Reference to Security and Development.

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Thomas Rau is entrepreneur, architect, innovator, inspirator and visionary. He was proclaimed Architect of the Year 2013 and received from the journal De Architect the ARC13 Oeuvre Award for his efforts in the last 20 years to promote and realize sustainable architecture across the board, as well as for 'his inspiring contribution to the social and architectural agenda.' He is led by what is needed in the future, and not what is possible at the moment. As an architect, Thomas Rau has been an authority on energy positive building and circular building for decades. Rau’s agency Turntoo initiated ‘The Universal Declaration of Material Rights’. The architecture of that new economy is based on the organised relationship between man and nature, which can exist in the closed system earth. Within that system, everything is equally important, so if people have rights, materials should be entitled to rights as well.

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Strobel received his B.S. and Ph. D. from the Colorado School of Mines in 2004 and 2008 respectively. In 2008 he became a Carnegie postdoctoral fellow, where he became fascinated by high-pressure science. In 2010 he was appointed research scientist, then staff scientist in 2011. Timothy Strobel subjects materials to high-pressures to understand chemical processes  and interactions, and to create new, advanced energy-related materials.

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Erwin Telemans is the CEO of Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT). Upon taking over from CCBRT’s founder in October 2006, Erwin has guided CCBRT through a unique period of growth, transformation and development.

Under Erwin’s leadership, CCBRT has undergone a number of significant cultural and organisational shifts: the restructuring of the CCBRT’s financial management and fundraising systems and a drive for continuous improvement. He has also pushed further on organisational sustainability through the cross-subsidy model of CCBRT’s Private Clinic, and has ushered CCBRT into the next phase of work on reducing maternal and newborn mortality through the construction of a 200-bed Maternity Hospital in Dar es Salaam, alongside extensive capacity building activities throughout the city. 

Erwin holds a Masters’ Degree in Development Policy and Practice and is also a trained physiotherapist. He designed, built and managed 50-100 bedded hospital facilities in the DRC, Sudan and Rwanda and managed a portfolio of over 20 development projects in Central Africa while being based in Kenya. 
He has lived in Africa for over 40 years.

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Tomáš Valášek is the director of Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on security and defense, transatlantic relations, and Europe’s Eastern neighborhood.

Previously, Valášek served as the permanent representative of the Slovak Republic to NATO for nearly four years. Before that, he was president of the Central European Policy Institute in Bratislava (2012–2013), director of foreign policy and defense at the Centre for European Reform in London (2007–2012), and founder and director of the Brussels office of the World Security Institute (2002–2006). In 2006–2007, he served as acting political director and head of the security and defense policy division at the Slovak Ministry of Defense.

Valášek is the author of numerous articles in newspapers and journals including the International Herald Tribune, the Wall Street Journal, and the Financial Times. He advised the Slovak defense and foreign ministers, the UK House of Lords, and the Group of Experts on the new NATO Strategic Concept.

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As a journalist for the Belgian public broadcaster VRT, Rudi Vranckx (1959) has shown the effect of conflict on daily life with personal reports. The board of the Carnegie Foundation recognizes his courage to travel to the most dangerous conflict areas in the world. He started his career as a war correspondent in 1989 reporting on the uprising against Ceausescu in Romania. Over the past decades he has reported on wars and conflicts around the world, including in the former Yugoslavia, the Middle East and North Africa, to draw attention to suffering and injustice in conflict situations. Vranckx was one of the last European journalists to leave Egypt during the violence of the Arab Spring and he lived through an attack in Syria that killed his French colleague.

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Ian Walker is a Senior Director within the Johnson & Johnson Global Community Impact team and guides the company's strategy and execution in the area of Social Business Practice, mainly in EMEA and Asia Pacific.

Prior to joining the Global Community Impact team in September 2014, Ian was Managing Director of the Johnson & Johnson MISSA (Maghreb, Iran and Sub Saharan Africa) business for Johnson & Johnson’s Medical Device business for seven years.

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Steven originates from Ayrshire in Scotland and was a Police Officer in Scotland from 1985-2015. 
He performed a variety of senior Detective roles and worked in covert policing, major investigations, sex offender management, CT investigations, witness protection, cybercrime and cyber enabled crime including online child sexual exploitation.

He commenced as Head of EC3 at Europol in January 2016 and is responsible for the central collation of criminal intelligence on cybercrime across the EU, supporting member state investigations into Online Child Sexual Exploitation, Cyber-dependent crimes, non-cash means of payment fraud, and Crime on the Dark Web. 

He is also responsible for the Joint Cybercrime Action Taskforce (JCAT) , a team of specialist cyber investigators seconded to EC3 from multiple countries. His teams at EC3 further provide digital and document forensic support in complex cases across EU, strategic analysis of threats and trends, liaison with industry, academia and non-law enforcement partners, prevention and awareness raising, and capacity building.

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