Programme Day 2
Parallel sessions Round 1
Tuesday, September 25, 2018
12:00 – 1:10PM
Financing Peace: Opportunities and challenges of applying innovative mechanisms
Key participants in the dialogues:
Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
What are alternative and innovative methods for funding projects and processes that contribute to a more peaceful world? Many states have reduced the use of public budgets for developmental aid and peace processes and are often instead focussing on investments in militarization and security. This causes an increasing reliability on the private sector. Why should philanthropists or the corporate sector invest in peace and how should it do that? What are the opportunities and challenges for innovative mechanisms for funding peace? This session is a working group in which a dialogue is fostered between philanthropists, decision-makers, representatives of the corporate sector, bilateral donors and diplomats.
Prevention of Conflicts arising from Natural Resources Distribution
Carnegie Institution for Science
Scarcity and unequal distribution of natural resources underscore regional and global conflict. The dialogue in this session will focus on how the distribution of natural resources, including energy and clean water, can prevent or generate conflict and what policies might be implemented to avoid such conflict. It is an area in which scientific innovations can have a large impact. Together, discovery science and engineering can mitigate some of the competition for resources. Ecologists who study the hydrological and atmospheric cycles that underpin our planet’s ecology can both point toward key new sustainable technologies and at the same time inform the decision-makers about the risks their communities face in a changing climate. And innovation by engineers and materials scientists can make it cheaper and more efficient to sustainably harvest these natural resources.
Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Warfare
Carnegie Europe – Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
This session will focus on the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on peace, war, and alliance security. It will explore three central questions: first, how is AI changing power relationships between states and within states—will it make war more or less likely? Second, how is AI changing the nature of war itself; can we mitigate unwanted consequences? And finally, how will AI change the world of defense institutions and diplomacy; can operations be run by committees at NATO and the EU when future wars may leave no time for deliberation or consensus building?